Freight Trading Lingo Demystified | RefinerLink
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Freight Trading Lingo Demystified

By Simon Jacques

Apr 27, 2020
 

Simplifying how oil traders make deals on various freight transactions terms.

 
 

Have you ever wondered about the meaning of commodity trading terms, or Incoterms?  FOB…DES…DDP. Say What?!?

 

Incoterms were established by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), a non-governmental organization, to standardize the interpretation of major trade terms.

 

Sales contracts using Incoterms define the obligations and risks of both the seller and the buyer. The obligations cover the period while the merchandise is in transit, whether by land, sea, air or a combination of modes.

 

Incoterms are divided into four categories:

 

  1.  “E” terms

seller makes the goods available to the buyer at the seller’s premises

 

  2.  “F” terms

seller is called upon to deliver the goods to a carrier appointed by the buyer

 

  3.  “C” terms

seller has to contract for carriage, but without assuming the risk of loss or of damage to the goods or additional costs due to events occurring after shipment and dispatch

 

  4.  “D” terms
seller has to bear all costs and risks needed to bring the goods to the country of destination

  

 

The listing below summarizes the various Incoterms used today and the responsibilities of the selling and purchasing party.

 

 

 

CFR:   Cost and Freight

 

Means that the seller must pay the costs and freight necessary to bring the goods to the named port of destination. The risk of loss or damage to the goods, as well as any additional costs due to events occurring after the time the goods have been delivered on board the vessel, is transferred from the seller to the buyer when the goods pass the ship’s rail in the port of shipment.

 

  • Requires the seller to clear the goods for export
  • Can only be used for sea or inland waterway transport

 

CIF:   Cost, Insurance and Freight 

 

Means that the seller has the same obligations as under CFR but with the addition that he has to procure marine insurance against the buyer’s risk of loss or of damage to the goods during the carriage. The seller contracts for insurance and pays the insurance premium.

 

  • Requires the buyer to clear the goods for export
  • Can only be used for sea and inland waterway transport
  • Even if seller pays insurance and freight, risk changes from seller to buyer at load port

 

CIP:   Carriage and Insurance Paid

 

Means that the seller has the same obligation as under CPT, but with the addition that the seller has to procure cargo insurance against the buyer’s risk of loss of or damage to the goods during the carriage.

 

  • Seller contracts for insurance and pays the insurance premium
  • Requires the seller to clear the goods for export
  • Can be used for any mode of transport including multimodal transport

 

CPT:   Carriage Paid To

 

Means that the seller pays the freight for the carriage of the goods to the named destination. The risk of loss of or damage to the goods, as well as any additional costs due to events occurring after the time the goods have been delivered to the carrier, is transferred from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been delivered into the carrier’s custody.

 

If subsequent carriers are used for carriage to the agreed destination, the risk passes when the goods have been delivered to the first carrier.

 

  • Requires the seller to clear the goods for export
  • Can be used for any mode of transport, including multimodal transport

 

DAF:   Delivered At Frontier 

 

Means that the seller fulfills his obligation when the goods have been made available, cleared for export, at the named point and place at the frontier, but before the customs border of the adjoining country.

 

The term “frontier” may be used for any frontier including that of the country of export. Therefore, it is very important that the frontier in question be precisely defined by always naming the point and place in the term.

 

  • Used primarily when goods are to be carried by rail or road, but may theoretically be use for any mode of transport

 

DAP:   Delivered at Place

 

Seller is responsible for arranging carriage and for delivering the goods, ready for unloading from the arriving conveyance, at the named place. 

 

Risk transfers from seller to buyer when the goods are available for unloading; so unloading is at the buyer’s risk. The buyer is responsible for import clearance and any applicable local taxes or import duties.

 

This rule can often be used to replace the Incoterms 2000 rules:

 

  • Delivered At Frontier (DAF)
  • Delivered Ex Ship (DES)
  • Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU)

 

DAP can be differentiated from Delivered At Terminal (DAT), whereby the seller is responsible for unloading.

 

DDP:  Delivered Duty Paid

 

Means that the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver when the goods have been made available at the named place, in the country of importation. The seller has to bear the risks and costs, including duties, taxes and other charges of delivering the goods thereto, cleared for importation.

 

  • Whereas EXW term represents the minimum obligation for the seller, DDP represents the maximum
  • Cab be used for any mode of transport

 

DDU:   Delivered Duty Unpaid

 

Means that the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver when he has made the goods available at the named place in the country of importation.

 

The seller bears the risks and costs involved in bringing the goods thereto (excluding duties, taxes, and other official charges payable upon importation), as well as the costs and risks of carrying out customs formalities. The buyer has to pay any additional costs and to bear any risks caused by his failure to clear the goods for import in time.

 

  • Can be used for any mode of transport

 

DES:   Delivered Ex Ship

 

Means that the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver when the goods have been made available to the buyer on board the ships uncleared for import at the named port of destination. The seller has to bear all the costs and risks involved in bringing the goods to the named port of destination.

 

  • Can only be used for sea or inland waterway transport.
  • Requires the seller to clear the goods for export.

 

DEQ:   Delivered Ex Quay (Duty Paid)

 

Means that the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver when he has made the goods available to the buyer on the Quay (i.e. wharf) or at the named port of destination, cleared for importation.

 

  • Seller bears all risks and costs including duties, taxes and other charges of delivering the goods
  • Can only be used for sea or inland waterway transport

 

EXW:   Ex works

 

Means that the seller fulfills his obligations to deliver when he had made the goods available at the premises (i.e. factory, warehouse, etc.) to the buyer. In particular, he is not responsible for loading the goods onto the vehicle provided by the buyer or for clearing the goods for export, unless otherwise agreed.

 

The buyer bears all costs and risks involved in taking the goods from the seller’s premises to the desired destination.

 

  • Represents the minimum obligations for the seller
  • Can be used for any mode of transport, including multimodal transport

 

FAS:   Free Alongside Ship

 

Means that the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver when the goods have been placed alongside the vessel on the wharf or in lighters at the named port of shipment. This means that the buyer has to bear all costs and risks of loss or damage to the goods from that moment.

 

  • Requires the buyer to clear the goods for export
  • Can only be used for sea and inland waterway transport

 

FCA:   Free Carrier

 

Means that the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver when he has handed the goods, cleared by export, into the charge of the carrier named by the buyer at a named place or point. If no precise point is indicated by the buyer, the seller may choose within the place or range stipulated where the carriers shall take the goods into his charge.

 

  • Can be used for any mode of transport, including multimodal transport

 

FOB:   Free on Board

 

Means that the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver when the goods have passed over the ship’s rail at the named port of shipment. This means that the buyer has to bear all costs and risks of loss or damage to the goods from that point onwards.

 

  • Requires the seller to clear the goods for export
  • Can only be used for sea and inland waterway transport

 

Confusingly, a FOB transaction can mean pretty much anything. Depending on which version of Incoterms referenced, pre-2010 and post-2010 FOB definitions can signify different location of risk and payment transfers.

 

Illustrated below is a comparison of North American FOB usage vs Incoterms.

 

 

 

Now that we have armed you with some useful knowledge, you can be less stupefied the next time a trader blurts out a string of Incoterms.

 


Note - All definitions above are based according to Incoterms® 2010, the 8th version published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC).

 


 

To see more from the Trade, Shipping and Finance Wizard visit: 

http://jacquessimon506.wordpress.com/

 
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  • Williams :   Pastaruosius 4 metus ir 5 mėnesius kankinausi nuo herpeso, ir nuo to laiko aš gydiausi serijas, tačiau padėtis nepagerėjo, kol nepastebėjau Dr.ogalos liudijimų, kaip jis išgydė skirtingus žmones iš skirtingų ligų visame pasaulyje, tada susisiekiau ir su juo. Po mūsų pokalbio jis man atsiuntė vaistų, kuriuos vartojau pagal jo nurodymus. Kai baigiau vartoti vaistažoles, nuėjau pasitikrinti ir, mano nuostabai, išgydžiau nuo herpeso. Mano širdis tokia pripildyta džiaugsmo. Jei kenčiate nuo herpeso ar kitos ligos, šiandien galite susisiekti su Dr.ogala šiuo el. Pašto adresu: Drogalad02@gmail.com WhatsApp arba paskambinkite jam telefonu +2347049668119 :: JIS taip pat gali jums padėti atliekant šį procesą: 1) DIABETAS ,, 2) JEI NORIU MEILĖS GRĮŽTI ,, 3) ŽIV-AIDS ,, 4) Šlapimo infekcija, 5) B HEPATITAS IR IMPOTENCIJA ,, 6) NETEKIMAS / NETEKIMYBĖ ,, 7) PRIEMONĖ ,, 8) ASTHMA ,, 9) Jei jums reikia vaiko visapusiško bet kokio tipo ligų gydymo, atsiųskite el. Laišką adresu: drogalad02@gmail.com .. Skambinkite telefonu +2347049668119,,

    Jan 30, 2021

  • Williams :   Pastaruosius 4 metus ir 5 mėnesius kankinausi nuo herpeso, ir nuo to laiko aš gydiausi serijas, tačiau padėtis nepagerėjo, kol nepastebėjau Dr.ogalos liudijimų, kaip jis išgydė skirtingus žmones iš skirtingų ligų visame pasaulyje, tada susisiekiau ir su juo. Po mūsų pokalbio jis man atsiuntė vaistų, kuriuos vartojau pagal jo nurodymus. Kai baigiau vartoti vaistažoles, nuėjau pasitikrinti ir, mano nuostabai, išgydžiau nuo herpeso. Mano širdis tokia pripildyta džiaugsmo. Jei kenčiate nuo herpeso ar kitos ligos, šiandien galite susisiekti su Dr.ogala šiuo el. Pašto adresu: Drogalad02@gmail.com WhatsApp arba paskambinkite jam telefonu +2347049668119 :: JIS taip pat gali jums padėti atliekant šį procesą: 1) DIABETAS ,, 2) JEI NORIU MEILĖS GRĮŽTI ,, 3) ŽIV-AIDS ,, 4) Šlapimo infekcija, 5) B HEPATITAS IR IMPOTENCIJA ,, 6) NETEKIMAS / NETEKIMYBĖ ,, 7) PRIEMONĖ ,, 8) ASTHMA ,, 9) Jei jums reikia vaiko visapusiško bet kokio tipo ligų gydymo, atsiųskite el. Laišką adresu: drogalad02@gmail.com .. Skambinkite telefonu +2347049668119 ...

    Jan 30, 2021

  • Marie Planta :   Greatest thanks to Dr Oyagu for his herbal drugs that he prepared for me and when I start using it in just 2weeks I was completely cured and that ended my HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 DISEASE i am so happy and grateful to Dr Oyagu . after reading about him on a testimony of Jason Cash on a blogger. I knew suddenly Dr Oyagu was the right Doctor to cure my HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 DISEASE. I discuss with Dr Oyagu and he prepared a herbal medicine for me and when it got sent to me in south Korean . I used the herbal medicine and 2weeks and i went to check up again. after 15years of suffering from HERPES SIMPLEX 1&2 at last i am smiling once again. Dr Oyagu also has remedy to others disease like COLD SORES,HIV/AIDS,DIABETES.CANCER,HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND MANY MORE. I oblige everyone to contact this powerful herbalist Dr Oyagu and be free from your suffering. contact his WhatsApp line: +2348101755322 or visit his Website https://oyaguspellcaster.wixsite.com/oyaguherbalhome Email:Oyaguherbalhome@gmail.com

    Mar 11, 2021

  • Sonia Stlot :   I can still remember my pain of marriage when my husband left me, Dr Winner SPELL TEMPLE brought back my lover in just 2days, I just want to say thank you for the spell and we are expecting our first child. If you are having any marital issues, please try and reach Dr Winner SPELL TEMPLE his email: Winnersspellcast@gmail.com or view his website:https://winnersspellcast.blogspot.com or WhatsApp number: +2348138289852

    Mar 16, 2021

  • Lisejorge :   I Am so grateful i promise to share this testimony all over the world once my Husband returns back to me, and today with all due respect I want to thank DR. AYOOLA for bringing joy and happiness to my Home and my family. I want to inform you all that there is a spell caster that is real and genuine. I never believed in any of these things until I lost my husband, I required help until I found a great spell caster, And he cast a love spell for me, and he assured me that I will get my Husband back in 24 hours after the spell has been cast. after 24 hours, my phone rang, and so shockingly, it was my husband who has not called me for the past 3 years now, and made an apology for the heart break, and told me that he is ready to be my backbone till the rest of his life with me. DR. AYOOLA released him to know how much I loved and wanted him. And opened his eyes to picture how much we have shared together. As I`m writing this testimony right now I`m the happiest woman on earth and me and my husband are living a happy life and our love is now stronger than how it was even before our break up. So that`s why I promised to share my testimony all over the universe. All thanks goes to DR. AYOOLA for the excessive work that he has done for me. Below is the email address in any situation you are undergoing, it may be a heart break, and I assure you that as he has done mine for me And also done it for so may people out there, he will definitely help you too. contact him email. drayoolasolutionhome@gmail.com He is the best spell caster that can help you with your problems or call him on whatsapp +31684065675 or website https://drayoolasolutionhome.com/

    Mar 20, 2021

  • Synder :   I read some of DR padman testimonies about how he helped many people bring back their lovers in 3 days with a love spell. I was having problem with my boyfriend so I decided to contact him because I love my boyfriend so much. he left home and said he is not interested in the relationship anymore for no reason, i was in shock. I contacted DR Padman and he told me that my boyfriend would come back to me in the next 3 days, DR padman made a love spell and this made my boyfriend eye open to see how much we love each other and he came back home. As I write this testimony, I am the happiest girl on earth. my boyfriend and I are living a happy life and our love is now stronger than it was before we broke up. All thanks to DR padman for the excessive work he did for me, helping me get back with my boyfriend. if you are facing any relationship problem and want a quick solution contact DR Padman on Email: padmanlovespell@yahoo.com WhatsApp +19492293867

    Mar 26, 2021

  • RachaelMildred :   EFFECTIVE LOVE SPELL TO GET EX HUSBAND/BOYFRIEND OR EX WIFE/GIRLFRIEND AND CURE HERPES AND INFERTILITY THAT WORKS WITHIN 24 HOURS.  Contact Dr. Odunga at odungaspelltemple@gmail.com OR Whats App/CALL +2348167159012 I got my ex husband back to me and also got fertile and gave birth to twin girls after 12 years of marriage. When I came online last year, I saw a testimony about Doctor ODUNGA and how he has been helping people with marriage issues and I decided to contact him. We spoke on email at odungaspelltemple@gmail.com and later he gave me his WhatsApp number which is +2348167159012. He assured me he would help me get my ex husband back after 3 years of no contact. Doctor Odunga is the best spell caster I must say. My husband called me after 24 hours of contact. The third day, I received natural herbs for fertility and after using it, I became fertile and conceived. I and my husband reconnected, had sex and I was pregnant. Presently I am happy to say I am the mother of twin girls and this is ALL THANKS TO DOCTOR ODUNGA. I came online to say this If you need help, I believe you are saved with this man. Contact his email at odungaspelltemple@gmail.com  OR Whats App/Call +2348167159012 and you too will give a testimony too to help others

    Mar 26, 2021

  • Lucy Morgan :   Quick Cure I will advise you to contact Dr KHAM AT (dr.khamcaregiver@gmail.com ) where all problems are solved without stress and delay. My family was getting drawn in sickness, we were all affected one after the other and medical prescription was not helping us. Till a friend's doctor directs us to contact Dr KHAM for quick cure and total cleaning. Dr KHAM is a miracle worker. It is never too late with Dr KHAM contact him today with { dr.khamcaregiver@gmail.com  } you can also contact him on Whatsapp +2348159922297, You can Also Visit his website to know more about him at > https://herbal-dr-kham.jimdosite.com/ or visit his Blog at https://drkhamcaregiver.blogspot.com/   He also Cure 1) HIV/AIDs Virus 2) Hepatitis B and C 3) Herpes 4) Cancer 5) ZIKA VIRUS 6) COPD 7) STROKE. 8) Erectile Dysfunction 9) Trichomoniasis 10) Chlamydia 11) Gonorrhea 12) HPV 13) Syphilis        

    Mar 27, 2021

  • Synder synder :   I read some of DR padman testimonies about how he helped many people bring back their lovers in 3 days with a love spell. I was having problem with my boyfriend so I decided to contact him because I love my boyfriend so much. he left home and said he is not interested in the relationship anymore for no reason, i was in shock. I contacted DR Padman and he told me that my boyfriend would come back to me in the next 3 days, DR padman made a love spell and this made my boyfriend eye open to see how much we love each other and he came back home. As I write this testimony, I am the happiest girl on earth. my boyfriend and I are living a happy life and our love is now stronger than it was before we broke up. All thanks to DR padman for the excessive work he did for me, helping me get back with my boyfriend. if you are facing any relationship problem and want a quick solution contact DR Padman on Email: padmanlovespell@yahoo.com Whats-App contact: +19492293867 Website: https://padmanspell.com

    Apr 01, 2021

  • Chloe Robin :   I am so happy my broken Marriage has been restored and my Husband is back after a breakup that lead to fight, After 2 years of marriage Dr PADMAN brought a smile to my face again. I am very happy today with my family. My husband left me for a good 6 months , and i love him so much, i have been looking for a way to get him back since then. i have tried many options but he didn't come back home , until i met a friend that introduced me to Dr.Padman a spell caster, who helped me to restored my marriage back again Me and my husband are living happily together today, I believed Dr Padman so much today i am glad to let the world know that this spell caster have the power to bring lovers back, because i am now happy with my husband. Dr padman is a great spell caster ,Now i will advice any serious persons that found themselves in this kind of problem. Email: padmanlovespell@yahoo.com Call/Whatsapp number: +19492293867 Website: http://padmanspell.com

    Apr 02, 2021

  • Donnajenny0 :   HELLO EVERYONE.Natural herbs have cured so many illness that drugs and injection cant cure. I''ve seen the great importance of natural herbs and the wonderful work they have done in people lives. i read testimonies online how they were cured of herpes, HIV, diabetics, cancer etc by Dr. Sayo herbal medicine, so i decided to contact him because i know nature has the power to heal anything. I was diagnosed with herpes for the past 9 months but Dr.Sayo cured me with his herbs and i referred my aunt and her husband to him immediately because they were both suffering from cancer but they were cured too. Contact Dr. Sayo via email on: sayoherbalhealer@gmail.com Or Whatsapp him on: +2349012175679 You can also visit his FB page: https://www.facebook.com/Sayo-Herbal-Healer-100145798345000/ check his website: sayoherbalhome.com

    Apr 02, 2021

  • Jessica smith :   After being in relationship with Wilson for seven years,he broke up with me, I did everything possible to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so much because of the love I have for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to someone online and she suggested that I should contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back but I am the type that don’t believed in spell, I had no choice than to try it, I meant a spell caster called Dr Zuma zuk and I email him, and he told me there was no problem that everything will be okay before three days, that my ex will return to me before three days, he cast the spell and surprisingly in the second day, it was around 4pm. My ex called me, I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that happened, that he wanted me to return to him, that he loves me so much. I was so happy and went to him, that was how we started living together happily again. Since then, I have made promise that anybody I know that have a relationship problem, I would be of help to such person by referring him or her to the only real and powerful spell caster who helped me with my own problem and who is different from all the fake ones out there. Anybody could need the help of the spell caster, his email: spiritualherbalisthealing@gmail.com or WhatsApp him +15068001647 you can email him if you need his assistance in your relationship or anything. CONTACT HIM NOW FOR SOLUTION TO ALL YOUR PROBLEMS

    Apr 03, 2021

  • Burnettlawson :   Herbal Penis Enlargement product is 100% guaranteed to Enlarge and get a better ERECTION, the reason why most people are finding it difficult to enlarge Penis is that they believe on medical report, drugs and medical treatment which is not helpful for Penis Enlargement. Natural roots/herbs are the best remedies which can easily Enlarge your Penis permanently Contact Dr ODOMA via Email: drodomasolutionhome20@gmail.com or via WhatsApp: +2348100649947 for Natural root and herbal remedies put together to help you get Enlarge and Erect healthily. I also learn that Dr ODOMA also can cure other types of diseases like,HEPATITIS B,DIABETICS,CANCER,HPV,LOW SPERM CAM, HIV/STDS, FIBROSIS LOST OF WEIGHT, BREAST ENLARGEMENT, HIPS and BUMS ENLARGEMENT etc Thank you...........

    Apr 03, 2021

  • Olivia Hannah :   Hi everyone I'm Olivia Hannah and am here to share the wonderful work Dr Raypower did for me. After 5 years in marriage with my husband with 2 kids, my husband started acting weird and going out with other ladies and showed me cold love, on several occasions he threatens to divorce me if I dare question him about his affair with other ladies, I was totally devastated and confused until a old friend of mine told me about a spell caster on the internet called Dr. Raypower who help people with relationship and marriage problem by the powers of love spells, at first I doubted if such thing ever exists but decided to give it a try, when I contact him, he helped me cast a love spell and within 48hours my husband came back to me and started apologizing, now he has stopped going out with other ladies and his with me for good and for real. Contact this great love spell caster for your relationship or marriage problem to be solved today via email: Urgentspellcast@gmail.com or Urgentspellcast@yahoo.com or WhatsApp: +14243308109. Read more about him on his website: https://urgentspellcast.wordpress.com/

    Apr 03, 2021

  • Burnettlawson :   Herbal Penis Enlargement product is 100% guaranteed to Enlarge and get a better ERECTION, the reason why most people are finding it difficult to enlarge Penis is that they believe on medical report, drugs and medical treatment which is not helpful for Penis Enlargement. Natural roots/herbs are the best remedies which can easily Enlarge your Penis permanently Contact Dr ODOMA via Email: drodomasolutionhome20@gmail.com or via WhatsApp: +2348100649947 for Natural root and herbal remedies put together to help you get Enlarge and Erect healthily. I also learn that Dr ODOMA also can cure other types of diseases like,HEPATITIS B,DIABETICS,CANCER,HPV,LOW SPERM CAM, HIV/STDS, FIBROSIS LOST OF WEIGHT, BREAST ENLARGEMENT, HIPS and BUMS ENLARGEMENT etc Thank you.........

    Apr 05, 2021

  • Ashley :   My names are Ashley Vivian, Am here to share a testimony on how Dr Raypower helped me. After a 1/5 year relationship with my boyfriend, he changed suddenly and stopped contacting me regularly, he would come up with excuses of not seeing me all the time. He stopped answering my calls and my sms and he stopped seeing me regularly. I then started catching him with different girls several times but every time he would say that he loved me and that he needed some time to think about our relationship. But I couldn't stop thinking about him so I decided to go online and I saw so many good talks about this spell caster called Dr Raypower and I contacted him and explained my problems to him. He cast a love spell for me which i use and after 24 hours, my boyfriend came back to me and started contacting me regularly and we moved in together after a few months and he was more open to me than before and he started spending more time with me than his friends. We eventually got married and we now have been married happily for 3 years with a son. Ever since Dr Raypower helped me, my partner is very stable, faithful and closer to me than before. You can also contact this spell caster and get your relationship fix Email: urgentspellcast@gmail.com or urgentspellcast@yahoo.com see more reviews about him on his website: https://urgentspellcast.wordpress.com/ WhatsApp: +1 (424) 330-8109

    Apr 10, 2021

  • Vanessa :   it"s obvious some patients with Herpes Virus are being enslaved to the antiviral and other supplementary Orthodox medicine just to help suppress the virus and not a cure. I have been with the virus since 2015 until I was introduced by a blogger who also narrated her story online on how she was cured of HPV after using Dr ALUDA Herbal Medicine. This is a year and 2 weeks since I was delivered from Herpes VIRUS. All thanks to God for using this Great herbalist to heal me. I have promised to keep telling good things about Dr ALUDA. Please feel free to share Your problems with him and don’t forget to tell him I did refer you to Him. Thanks. Write him on whatsapp +2348145636867 or mail him @ Draludaharbalhome @gmail. com He deals with Alzheimer virus, Cancer, HIV, Herpes, Genital, warts, ALS, HBV, UTI, Virginal infection, Genital, Wart, HPV, Hepatitis A/B, Good luck, HSV,  Cold Sores, Diabetes 1 & 2, Pregnancy, Ex back.

    Apr 11, 2021

  • COOK BRENDY :   HOW I GOT MY HUSBAND BACK WITH THE HELP OF DR.IFADE CONTACT ON WHATS_APP NUMBER +1(551)333-5249. OR HIS EMAIL  ifadesolutionspell31@gmail.comThis is my testimony about the good work of Dr,Ifade who helped me…. I’m Las Vagas, USA. And am sorry for putting this on net but i will have to, by this world best spell caster that brought back my husband who left me out for past 2 years, i eventually me this man on a blog site posting by one of is client for help, i explained everything to him and he told me about a spell caster that he had heard about and he gave me an email address to write to the spell caster to tell him my problems. In just 1 days, my husband was back to me. I just want to say thank you to this truthful and sincere spell caster, sir all you told me have come to pass and thank you sir. Please I want to tell everyone who is looking for any solution to their problem, I advise you to kindly consult this spell caster, he is real,he is powerful and whatever the spell caster tells is what will happen, because all what the spell caster told me came to pass. You can kindly contact him on his email address  ifadesolutionspell31@gmail.com or directly on whats-app +1(551)333-5249.

    Apr 17, 2021

  • COOK BRENDY :   HOW I GOT MY HUSBAND BACK WITH THE HELP OF DR.IFADE CONTACT ON WHATS_APP NUMBER +1(551)333-5249. OR HIS EMAIL  ifadesolutionspell31@gmail.comThis is my testimony about the good work of Dr,Ifade who helped me…. I’m Las Vagas, USA. And am sorry for putting this on net but i will have to, by this world best spell caster that brought back my husband who left me out for past 2 years, i eventually me this man on a blog site posting by one of is client for help, i explained everything to him and he told me about a spell caster that he had heard about and he gave me an email address to write to the spell caster to tell him my problems. In just 1 days, my husband was back to me. I just want to say thank you to this truthful and sincere spell caster, sir all you told me have come to pass and thank you sir. Please I want to tell everyone who is looking for any solution to their problem, I advise you to kindly consult this spell caster, he is real,he is powerful and whatever the spell caster tells is what will happen, because all what the spell caster told me came to pass. You can kindly contact him on his email address  ifadesolutionspell31@gmail.com or directly on whats-app +1(551)333-5249.

    Apr 17, 2021

  • COOK BRENDY :   HOW I GOT MY HUSBAND BACK WITH THE HELP OF DR.IFADE CONTACT ON WHATS_APP NUMBER +1(551)333-5249. OR HIS EMAIL  ifadesolutionspell31@gmail.comThis is my testimony about the good work of Dr,Ifade who helped me…. I’m Las Vagas, USA. And am sorry for putting this on net but i will have to, by this world best spell caster that brought back my husband who left me out for past 2 years, i eventually me this man on a blog site posting by one of is client for help, i explained everything to him and he told me about a spell caster that he had heard about and he gave me an email address to write to the spell caster to tell him my problems. In just 1 days, my husband was back to me. I just want to say thank you to this truthful and sincere spell caster, sir all you told me have come to pass and thank you sir. Please I want to tell everyone who is looking for any solution to their problem, I advise you to kindly consult this spell caster, he is real,he is powerful and whatever the spell caster tells is what will happen, because all what the spell caster told me came to pass. You can kindly contact him on his email address  ifadesolutionspell31@gmail.com or directly on whats-app +1(551)333-5249.

    Apr 17, 2021

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